There really is NO difference for a beginner in either using an acoustic or an electric guitar to start learning with. What you learn on one and be played exactly the same on the other. Although, an electric can be easier on your fingers as the strings are a thinner lighter gauge (this is because they don't have to be as thick as an acoustic's set of strings to make sound). The only caveat with an electric is that you have to have extra equipment like an amplifier to be as loud (or louder) than an acoustic. However, you can play an electric without being connected to amp and be heard just fine for practicing.
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